A guide to New Orleans food | Audley Travel US (2024)

By USA specialist Natalie

The history of New Orleans is written in its food. West African, Choctaw, Caribbean, Provençal, Acadian and Spanish influences have been tossed into a big, black cast-iron pot along with the abundance of local seafood and simmered slowly for more than 300 years. That melding produced a complicated and storied cuisine that’s unlike any other.

This is just the barest introduction — there’s also a wealth of Louisiana-specific food outside the city. Stop at roadside bait shops for alligator corn dogs, sample Cajun boudin (a spicy sausage) in the area around Lafayette or try chargrilled oysters near Baton Rouge. You can delve deeper on a trip through the South

Louisiana staples: gumbo and red beans and rice

A guide to New Orleans food | Audley Travel US (1)
A guide to New Orleans food | Audley Travel US (2)

Gumbo, jambalaya, étouffée, or red beans and rice — most of the dishes that Louisiana is known for can be described as down-home cooking that’s been elevated to high art.

For instance, gumbo is a stew with a flexible recipe that can incorporate ‘anything that crawls, slithers, swims, or flies’, according to a local saying. The dish is thickened with either okra or filé (a spicy herb made from powdered sassafras leaves) and then served with rice.

Of course, that description belies the complexity of the finished dish. Briny and earthy all at once, the richly piquant sauce seeps into the rice and wraps around the tender shrimp or silky chicken before settling warmly in your stomach. I find it soul-satisfying in a way that is hard to describe.

The same can be said for the alchemy of red beans and rice, traditionally served on Mondays. Each household has its own version, but the long-simmered dish is usually seasoned with pickled pork and andouille sausage. The bright acidity of the vinegar, the richness of the pork and the subtle heat of the sausage combine to transmogrify this simple staple into something amazing.

The New Orleans School of Cooking helps outsiders deconstruct these dishes so they can learn to make them at home. We can arrange either a demonstration or a hands-on class, depending on your taste. Even if you have only a passing interest in food, I suggest making time for at least a demonstration, because, in many ways, understanding New Orleans’ cuisine is a key to understanding the city.

The sweet life: pralines, beignets and king cake

A guide to New Orleans food | Audley Travel US (3)

The easiest way to tell the difference between a local and a tourist in New Orleans is this — tourists wait for a table at Café Du Monde, locals just grab any open seat. Though it goes against my polite inclination to ask permission, I suggest you do the same.

Why is everyone there? Beignets — palm-sized rectangles of dough fried into puffed golden pillows with delicate interiors and golden-crisped exteriors that glisten richly with grease under a thick coating of icing sugar.

They’re served in batches of three by busy wait staff who can be rather direct, so have your order in mind before you sit. The limited menu includes two classic Louisiana coffee drinks — café au lait or chicory coffee. I’ve never had chicory myself — it’s an acquired taste — but locals who love it say it tastes a little like very nutty, woodsy (caffeine-free) coffee.

The Decatur Street café is the classic place to get beignets, but if you can’t face the idea of cutting the line, I suggest Café Beignet, tucked into Music Legends Park on Bourbon Street.

The city’s signature sweet is the praline. Creamy, studded with pecans and tooth-achingly sweet, these confections are very different to the French version that they descended from. Hundreds of shops sell pralines, but I like Aunt Sally’s Praline Shop, on Saint Charles Ave, because you can watch the workers as they make the candies.

Even a cursory discussion of New Orleans food would be incomplete without a mention of king cake. Ask any NOLA native about king cake and a heated argument will erupt about the most authentic form, but it’s loosely defined as a circular cake that’s iced in the traditional Mardi Gras green, yellow and purple. There’s a trinket baked into the cake — a small plastic baby or a bean — and whoever gets the trinket is responsible for throwing the next Mardi Gras party or bringing the king cake to the next event.

Because king cake is associated with the pre-Lenten season, you’ll find it everywhere during Mardi Gras season, but it’s harder to find at other times of the year.

Creole elegance: New Orleans’ restaurants

Keeping up with the ever-changing restaurant scene in New Orleans is a full-time job. The small city supports a constantly rotating cast of 1,700 eateries, not to mention food trucks, small shops and pop ups. If you want to visit the hippest new place, I suggest talking to your hotel’s concierge.

A guide to New Orleans food | Audley Travel US (4)

But some restaurants are institutions in the city. They usually offer Creole food, an elegant Southern take on classic French cuisine, served in genteel surrounds. These are old-fashioned destinations, where you go for creamy seafood bisque, garlicky escargots à la bordelaise, shrimp rémoulade and buttery oysters Rockefeller.

In fact, oysters Rockefeller was invented at Antoine’s Restaurant, a fixture in the French Quarter since 1840. The dish, which was invented in 1889, consists of oysters on the half shell, topped with butter, herbs and breadcrumbs. It was so rich it was named after the wealthiest man in the country at the time, John D. Rockefeller.

At Antoine’s, each timeless dining room is named after a different Mardi Gras krewe, with members’ crowns and costumes displayed in glass cases. Jackets and reservations are both strongly recommended.

Though none quite match the sheer longevity of Antoine’s, other restaurants offer a similar combination of historic pedigrees, rich Creole food, impeccable service and convenient French Quarter locales: Galatoire’s, Arnaud’s, Brennan’s and the Court of Two Sisters. Most of them also offer an indulgent jazz brunch on weekends, with live music — I recommend the Court of Two Sisters, which has a staggeringly huge buffet.

Set in a barefaced brick building, Mother’s Restaurant is less elegant but also a local institution. It opened to serve dockworkers in 1938 and claims to serve ‘the world’s best baked ham’. Try the Ferdi special, named after a regular who requested a po’ boy with baked ham, roast beef and ‘debris’ (a New Orleans-specific term for the bits of the roast that fall into the gravy), fully dressed with shredded cabbage, pickles, mayonnaise and mustard.

Located in the Tremé, Dooky Chase serves up a plate of the city’s African American culinary heritage. Known as the Queen of Creole Cuisine, the late Leah Chase served luminaries like Thurgood Marshall and Martin Luther King Jr here during the civil rights struggles of the 1960s. Its menu features local classics like fried chicken and red bean and rice.

Laissez les bon temps rouler: signature drinks

A guide to New Orleans food | Audley Travel US (5)

In much of the USA, where you can drink alcohol is severely restricted. But the rules are somewhat looser in New Orleans, as befits a city with the motto ‘let the good times roll’. The city also has a long history of inventing co*cktails.

The best-known is probably the hurricane, a sweet red co*cktail made with lemon juice, passionfruit syrup and rum and then topped with a maraschino cherry and a slice of orange. It was invented at Pat O’Brien’s Bar during World War II, when whiskey was hard to find, and is named after the curvy glass that it usually comes in, said to resemble a hurricane lamp.

Other home-grown co*cktails include the sazerac, gin fizz, French 75 and bywater. If you’d like to explore the history of the city’s many drinks, we can arrange a co*cktail-themed walking tour of the French Quarter. Pop in and out of bars and discover how Prohibition, the Civil War and other events influenced the drinks on the menu.

Sandwiches: po’ boys and muffalettas

A guide to New Orleans food | Audley Travel US (6)
A guide to New Orleans food | Audley Travel US (7)

Sometimes so overstuffed that you have to eat them with a knife and fork, po’ boys are the signature sandwich of the city. Soft, chewy French bread is filled with roast beef or fried seafood and dressed with a generous helping of shredded lettuce, tomatoes, mayonnaise and pickles.

If you’re a little leery of crawfish, this is a good way to try them for the first time, where the ‘mudbugs’ are hidden by a crisp batter coating and lost amid the piles of dressing. Another popular filling is barbecue shrimp, a misnomer because the shrimp are not barbecued but drenched in a silky, spicy butter sauce that’s unique to New Orleans.

Po’ boys are sold everywhere, so choosing where to get the best one is nearly impossible. In contrast, it’s easy to know where to get the muffaletta, the city’s other sandwich. You go straight to the origin at Central Grocery & Deli, right across the street from a statue of Joan of Arc known locally as ‘Joanie on the Pony’.

The first muffaletta in New Orleans was created in the 1920s by a Sicilian immigrant working at this unprepossessing Italian grocery on Decatur St. Muffaletta sandwiches are common in Sicily and were immediately popular with the many Italian immigrants who worked at the docks in the port city at the time.

The sandwich consists of a platter-sized loaf of bread sliced horizontally and filled with layers of salami, ham, mortadella, Swiss and provolone cheese, and marinated giardiniera. Central Grocery will sell you a whole, half or quarter — unless you’re feeding a whole family, I suggest starting with the smallest portion.

Read more about trips to New Orleans

  • A guide to New Orleans food | Audley Travel US (8)

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Further reading

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    • Plantation homes of the South
    • Luxury vacations in the South
    • 8 of the best food and drink experiences around the world
A guide to New Orleans food | Audley Travel US (2024)


What is the best food to get in New Orleans? ›

Po' boys, jambalaya, gumbo, beignets — these dishes define the city's cuisine and culture to the outside world. Many also serve as part of a restaurant's identity and history, like the gumbo z'herbes at Dooky Chase, or turtle soup at Commander's.

Is New Orleans a foodie city? ›

With its famed culinary scene, New Orleans has held onto its title for number one Food Destination in the U.S. for a second year in a row,” Tripadvisor added in its findings.

Why is New Orleans considered a food capital of the world? ›

There are few American cities with culinary traditions as distinct as New Orleans. The mix of Cajun and Creole cultures in and around the unique Southern city has produced such famous dishes as gumbo, jambalaya, po'boys, and crawfish etouffee. It's made restaurants such as Commander's Palace and Emeril's world famous.

What is New Orleans' signature food? ›

NOTE: Don't forget that you can learn more about this difference on a New Orleans Food Tour!
  • GUMBO. Gumbo is found on both Cajun and Creole tables in and around New Orleans. ...
  • PO-BOYS. ...
  • JAMBALAYA. ...
  • ÉTOUFFEÉ ...
  • OYSTERS. ...

What is the number one food in New Orleans? ›

It is worth noting that while Beignets may be the top must-eat food in New Orleans, hearty Jambalaya is our favorite local dish and one we often order even outside of Lousiana.

Where do locals in New Orleans eat? ›

  • Creole Food. ...
  • Here's where the locals eat in New Orleans' French Quarter:
  • Court of Two Sisters. ...
  • Toast. ...
  • Coop's Place. ...
  • Brennan's. ...
  • Napoleon House. ...
  • Cafe Maspero.

What to wear in New Orleans? ›

Sun dresses, shorts, sneakers, and a cross body purse can get you through it all. New Orleans restaurants do still uphold a dress code so if you're planning to dine-out afterwards, consider freshening up. A light and airy dress is your best option for Jazz Fest, along with a cross body bag, hat and sunglasses.

What sandwich is New Orleans known for? ›

A muffaletta is a famous italian sandwich invented in New Orleans with cured meats (ham and salami), provolone cheese, olive dressing and great bread. The olive dressing sports chopped green and black olives with onions and olive oil and spices, and the bread is a round sesame-seed roll big enough for sharing.

Is there a lot of walking in New Orleans? ›

Don't just take our word for it: the Downtown neighborhoods of the French Quarter, the Central Business District and the Warehouse/Arts/Convention District are each considered a "Walker's Paradise" by WalkScore.com. When visiting New Orleans, your guests save on transportation costs and commute time.

Is New Orleans a cheap city? ›

One of the best things about New Orleans, though, is the cost of living. It's not extremely cheap but, compared to the rest of the United States, The Big Easy is definitely affordable. If thoughts of beignets, boozy days, and brass bands are filling your head, read on!

Is New Orleans an expensive city? ›

The cost of living in New Orleans, LA is 21% higher than the state average and 10% higher than the national average. New Orleans, LA housing is 43% more expensive than the U.S average, while utilities are about 23% less pricey.

Why is New Orleans so special? ›

New Orleans is world-renowned for its distinctive music, Creole cuisine, unique dialects, and its annual celebrations and festivals, most notably Mardi Gras. The historic heart of the city is the French Quarter, known for its French and Spanish Creole architecture and vibrant nightlife along Bourbon Street.

What fish is New Orleans known for? ›

New Orleans is also known for its fresh and diverse range of fish. Some of the most well-known include redfish, catfish, and black drum. Redfish, also known as red drum, has a sweet, mild flavor and is often served blackened or grilled with Cajun spices.

Why is New Orleans like France? ›

"French influence in New Orleans is traceable to the spring of 1682, when the French-Canadian explorer Robert La Salle first passed the future site of the city and claimed the entire Mississippi Valley for France," explained Richard Campanella, an author and geographer with New Orleans' Tulane University.

What are the top 3 most popular foods? ›

popularity is the % of people who have a positive opinion of a american dish. Find out more
  1. 1 Mashed potatoes86%
  2. 2 French Fries86%
  3. 3 Hamburgers85%
  4. 4 Cheeseburger83%
  5. 5 Grilled Cheese82%
  6. 6 Steak and Baked potato82%
  7. 7 Hash browns82%
  8. 8 Fried Chicken82%

What are 3 famous foods? ›

Italian pizza is the most photographed food in the world
  • Pizza.
  • Burger.
  • Ramen.
  • Paella.
  • Pierogi.
  • Moussaka.
  • Boeuf Bourgignon.
  • Eisbein.
May 24, 2023

What is the number one food in Louisiana? ›

Gumbo (guhm-boh)

Fun fact: gumbo is the official dish of Louisiana. Watch this 60-sec gumbo recipe video. Where to find it: Gumbo is so ubiquitous, you're bound to find it wherever in Louisiana you're traveling. Head to Rocky and Carlo's in Chalmette for one of the best bowls in south Louisiana.

What are three common dishes of Louisiana? ›

Find the best versions of the state's iconic gumbo, beignets, jambalaya and more.


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